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Mastering gradle dependency administration with model catalogs: A complete information | by Kashif Mehmood | April 2023

In advanced and modular Android initiatives, managing dependencies could be a troublesome and time consuming job. The Gradle model catalog, launched in Gradle 7.0 and upgraded to steady in model 7.4, gives a refined answer to streamline dependency administration. On this complete information, we’ll discover the advantages of Model Catalogs, display tips on how to implement them in an Android mission utilizing code snippets, and supply ideas that can assist you get essentially the most out of the characteristic. this robust.

Why use Model Catalog?

  1. Centralized and Shareable Configuration: By consolidating dependency coordinates in a single file, Model Catalog simplifies administration and promotes constant configuration throughout a number of initiatives.
  2. Efficiency Enchancment: In comparison with buildSrc, Model Catalog presents higher efficiency as a result of updating dependent variations now not requires an entire rebuild.
  3. Flexibility: The model catalog helps the technology of bundle dependencies, permitting builders so as to add a single line of implementation for a set of libraries of their Gradle recordsdata.
  4. The model catalog helps third get together plugins for computerized model updates and provides higher efficiency than buildSrc options. Kind-safe dependencies: The model class encourages declaring type-safe dependencies, decreasing typos, and enhancing IDE help for content material help.

Implement Model Catalog in Android Challenge:

Observe these easy steps to combine the Model Catalog into your Android mission:

  1. Ensure your mission makes use of Gradle 7.4 or later. Take a look at or improve by executing the suitable Gradle Wrapper instructions.
  2. Create a libs.variations.toml file in your root class listing to retailer your dependency definitions, together with variations, libraries, packages, and plugins.
  3. This is a snippet with a number of examples:
compileSdk = "33"
minSdk = "24"
targetSdk = "33"
voyager = "1.0.0-rc04"
material-icon-version = "1.3.0"

voyager-navigator = { module = "cafe.adriel.voyager:voyager-navigator", model.ref = "voyager" }
voyager-bottomSheetNavigator = { module = "cafe.adriel.voyager:voyager-bottom-sheet-navigator", model.ref = "voyager" }
voyager-tabNavigator = { module = "cafe.adriel.voyager:voyager-tab-navigator", model.ref = "voyager" }
voyager-transitions = { module = "cafe.adriel.voyager:voyager-transitions", model.ref = "voyager" }
material-icon-extended = {module = "org.jetbrains.compose.materials:material-icons-extended", model.ref = "material-icon-version"}

4. Configure your settings.gradle file to allow Model Catalog


5. Now sync the gradle recordsdata and rebuild your mission.

6. Replace your app construct.gradle file to establish your plugins and deployments utilizing the Model Catalog:

plugins {
id ''
id 'kotlin-android'
android {
// Your Android configuration right here

dependencies {

7. You might be performed.

Essential factors to know

  • Model Catalog helps computerized model updates utilizing instruments like RenovateBot for GitHub initiatives. This bot reads your libs.variations.toml file and generates a Pull Request to replace your dependencies.
  • The model class presently doesn’t help precompiled script plugins. Dependencies declared in libs.variations.toml will present up within the construct.gradle recordsdata of all of your modules, however not within the customized/precompiled recordsdata. You possibly can work round this limitation by creating an extension perform that exposes the dependency manually.


The model catalog gives an improved solution to handle dependencies in Android initiatives. They simplify upkeep, leverage Gradle’s flexibility, and are more and more accepted by the group. By following the steps outlined on this article, you may simply combine the Model Catalog into your Android initiatives and revel in the advantages of higher dependency administration.

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Updated: April 8, 2023 — 4:01 pm

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