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Gradle Kotlin Conference Plugins for Modular Constructions — Shared Construct Logic | by Umut TEKE | Might 2023


Footage from Jetbrains weblog put up

Many people have struggled with Groovy and used emigrate it to Kotlin DSL. Then, as an Android engineer, engaged on a challenge solely written in Kotlin was pure pleasure.

We’re assuming we’re utilizing a modularized utility construction primarily based on the appliance of the occasion catalog function. We’ll absolutely handle the construct logic to make it centralized and reusable by modules.
Listed below are the steps to facilitate your Gradle construct configurations into centralized construct logic by creating your conference plugin scripts.

The standard approach all of us have used is to place customized scripts within the default script buildSrc module. Earlier than, buildSrc deployment is just not advisable as a result of it invalidates the construct cache and syncs all the challenge with any adjustments to the dependencies.
It’s at present thought-about a construct included in grade 8.

Within the challenge settings script, we transfer the configuration script right into a build-logic composite constructing module.
Firstly pluginManagement block ensures Gradle makes use of the proper repositories for plugins. We embody our new module within the construct and explicitly specify the repositories we want.
One other vital issue is the mode in centralized dependency declaration that you’ll declare to all the time execute Gradle so as to get the right dependencies concerning the decision mode. On this instance, we’ll use the repositories outlined within the challenge settings.

Undertaking-level set up script

We begin the brand new aggregation module by enabling the model catalog function within the set up script.

Construct logic module set up script

Now we outline our new module as a Kotlin script by enabling the Kotlin DSL and forcing precompiled script plugin to make it a part of the Kotlin supply code like some other class.
Due to this fact, the composite module as a part of the challenge construct is chargeable for the configuration, which we usually do within the project-level Gradle construct script. We go there the Gradle-specific declarations.

Construct logic module construct script

For instance, in a feature-based modularized utility construction, we’ve got a most important utility module, a function module and a shared module for some logic or reusable information. .

The principle conference plugins we outline:

  • Kotlin . library conventions
  • Android library conventions
  • Android Composable Library Conference

Kotlin . library conventions

Kotlin library conference is a plugin we frequently use to declare some API or to share some logic. It’s an overridden Java library the place we goal the JDK model.

Kotlin library conference plugin script

Kotlin Android Library Conference

Kotlin Android library conventions are utilized by function modules with ViewBinding function is enabled by default.

Kotlin Android library conference plugin script

Kotlin Android synthesis library conference

It’s an extension of the earlier library conference with Jetpack Compose associated declarations.

Kotlin Android library conference with Jetpack Compose plugin script

Once we create a brand new module, it’s a lot simpler to outline the construct script by making use of conference plugins and extra dependencies.
We may take into account making use of the compositing module to a different challenge.

Pattern function construct script that applies customized conference plugins

In a nutshell, modularity is our most important concern for ever-growing tasks to resolve most of the issues we are able to record: codebase measurement, scalability, scalability learn, code high quality, code copy, and so on
We normally and naturally divide the challenge into feature-driven modules by separating the function code.
The Google Android workforce additionally lately revealed a utility modularization information with the identical strategy.

There are some restricted points associated to the Model Class.
Libraries aren’t immediately accessible and we have to create some extension performance to take care of it.
And the plugins aren’t acknowledged within the plugin block. The drawback appears to have been fastened in Grade 8.

You will discover all of the supply code in my Github conventions repository This.

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Updated: May 29, 2023 — 11:00 pm

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